قسم التربة والمياه

المزيد ...

حول قسم التربة والمياه

 افتُتح القسم مع إنشاء كلية الزراعة سنة 1966م، وقد اهتم بالتوسع في مختلف التخصصات المتعلقة بعلوم التربة والمياه وبإعداد الكوادر العلمية القادرة على إدارة وتسيير المشاريع الزراعية أو مواصلة دراستها والحصول على درجات ومؤهلات عالية، كما اهتم بتجهيز المختبرات وتزويدها بمختلف الأجهزة والمعدات الحديثة والمتطورة لاستخدامها في مجالات البحث والدراسة.

حقائق حول قسم التربة والمياه

نفتخر بما نقدمه للمجتمع والعالم

73

المنشورات العلمية

23

هيئة التدريس

185

الطلبة

1555

الخريجون

البرامج الدراسية

ماجستير - علوم المياه

1.      تعظيم العائد من وحدة الأرض والمياه مع التركيز على ترشيد إستخدام...

التفاصيل
بكالوريوس - علوم التربة

1. تطبيق المعرفة العلمية في مجال التربة وعلاقته بالماء والنبات والاحياء الدقيقة.2....

التفاصيل
ماجستير - علوم التربة

1. اقتراح خطط للزراعة طبقا لنوعية ومواصفات جودة التربة والماء.2. تصميم وإجراء التجارب،...

التفاصيل

من يعمل بـقسم التربة والمياه

يوجد بـقسم التربة والمياه أكثر من 23 عضو هيئة تدريس

staff photo

أ.د. مختار محمود مختار العالم

الدكتور: مختار محمود العالم خبير لمدة تزيد عن 15 سنة في مجال تقييم الاراضى والتخطيط الامثل لها من الناحية الزراعية. كما يتمتع بخبرة عالية فى مجال تخريط الاراضي وحصر التربة باستخدام التقنيات الحديثة والمتمثلة فى نظم المعلومات الجغرافية والاستشعار عن بعد. الدكتور: مختار العالم منخرط حالياً فى برامج الدراسات العليا بقسم التربة والمياه ،كلية الزراعة ، جامعة طرابلس، ولمدة تزيد عن 6 سنوات، حيث اشرف على تخريج عدد من طلبة الدراسات العليا بكلية الزراعة، والاكاديمية الليبية، وكلية الزراعة، جامعة عمر المختار. المعني يشغل حالياً منصب رئيس قسم التربة والمياه، كلية الزراعة، جامعة طرابلس.

منشورات مختارة

بعض المنشورات التي تم نشرها في قسم التربة والمياه

A Review of Libyan Soil Databases for Use within an Ecosystem Services Framework

Ecosystem services (ESs) are increasingly being used by many countries around the world as a framework for addressing the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This review article of the usability of Libyan soil databases for ESs and SDGs is the first of its kind for North Africa. The objectives of the article are to: describe the available soil resources of Libya in relation to an ES framework; provide examples of the usability of Libyan soil databases for ES applications (eg, provisioning, Healthy Eating Plate), and describe some of the typical disservices in the country. Desertification, salinization, and limited freshwater resources are the largest challenges (disservices) for agriculture and future development in Libya. Seawater intrusion in coastal areas due to rising sea levels has resulted in high concentrations of salts in irrigation waters, which can lead to low soil productivity. These challenges can be addressed by integrating Libyan soil resources into a market that transforms resources into goods and services to meet human demand in a sustainable manner, with non-market institutions mediating the interactions between humans and the environment. If Libyan soil resources are taken into account by both market and non-market institutions, it will lead to more efficient use of soil resources and also should enable the implementation of innovative strategies, such as integrated farming systems, non-soil-based agricultural production (eg, hydroponics), and alternative farming practices. arabic 12 English 68
Hamdi Zurqani, Elena Mikhailova, Christopher Post, Mark Schlautman, Azzeddin Elhawej(5-2019)
Publisher's website

Climate Variability and Crop Production in Libya (North West Region)

Climate variability is considered as the most serious challenge threatens the ecosystem, whether in developing or developed countries. Climate variability affects the agro ecological and growing conditions of crops and livestock that may add significantly to the development challenges of ensuring food security and reducing poverty. In this study, the climate data for the period (1945-2010) was investigated to determine the manifestation of climate variability in the northwest of Libya and its effect on agriculture. The results indicate that the drop in rainfall volumes and irregular distributed over the season and temperature increasing over the study period are the most important consequences of climate variability in Libya, which has a negative influence on the country’s agriculture sector. Time trend of rainfall and temperature were analyzed and the impacts of climate change on agriculture were discussed. Moreover, Pairwise Granger causality test analysis were used to examine the causal relationship between climatic conditions in Libya. The results further indicate that there is an unidirectional relationship existed between changes in temperature and the production of dates and tomatoes, and unidirectional causality runs from rainfall to onion, potatoes olive and ground peanut.
Nagib M. said Froja, Khaled R. Elbeydi(12-2016)
Publisher's website

Measuring The Amount of Eroded Soil and Surface Runoff Water in the Field

Abstract—Water erosion is the most important problems of the soil in the Jabel Nefusa area located in north west of Libya, therefore erosion station had been established in the Faculty of Veterinary and dryfarming research Station, University of the Al-japel Al-gharbi in Zentan. The length of the station is 72.6 feet, 6 feet width and the percentage of it's slope is 3%. The station were established to measure the mount of soil eroded and amount of surface water produced during the seasons 95/96 and 96/97 from each rain storms. The Monitoring shows that there was a difference between the two seasons in the number of rainstorms which made differences in the amount of surface runoff water and the amount of soil eroded between the two seasons. Although the slope is low (3%), the soil texture is sandy and the land ploughed twice during each season surface runoff and soil eroded were occured. The average amount of eroded soil was 3792 grams (gr) per season and the average amount of surface runoff water was 410 litter (L) per season. The amount of surface runoff water would be much greater from Jebel Nefusa upland with steep slopes and collecting of them will save a valuable amount of water which lost as a runoff while this area is in desperate of this water . The regression analysis of variance show strong correlation between rainfall depth and the other two depended variable (the amount of surface runoff water and the amount of eroded soil. It shows also strong correlation between amount of surface runoff water and amount of eroded soil. Key words: Rain, Surface runoff water, Soil, Water erosion, Soil erosion. arabic 13 English 61
ِAbdulfatah Faraj Abdullaha Aboufayed(1-2013)
Publisher's website

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