كلية الفنون والإعلام

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حول كلية الفنون والإعلام

كلية الفنون والأعلام

حقائق حول كلية الفنون والإعلام

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البرامج الدراسية

البكالوريوس في الإعلام
تخصص علاقات عامة وإعلان

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التفاصيل
البكالوريوس في الفنون الدرامية
تخصص ديكور وتقنيات العرض

الديكور وتقنيات العرض ضمن البرامج الأكاديمية لتي يوفرها قسم الفنون الدرامية بكلية...

التفاصيل
البكالوريوس في الفنون الجميلة والتطبيقية
تخصص رسم وتصوير

الرسم والتصوير أحد البرامج الأكاديمية بقسم الفنون الجميلة والتطبيقية، بكلية الفنون...

التفاصيل

من يعمل بـكلية الفنون والإعلام

يوجد بـكلية الفنون والإعلام أكثر من 123 عضو هيئة تدريس

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د. خالد أبوالقاسم عمر غلام

خالد هو عميد كلية الفنون والإعلام. يعمل السيد خالد بجامعة طرابلس كـاستاذ مشارك منذ 2011-09-15 وله العديد من المنشورات العلمية في مجال الإعلام

منشورات مختارة

بعض المنشورات التي تم نشرها في كلية الفنون والإعلام

واﻗﻊ اﻟﺻورة اﻟﻧﺻﻔﯾﺔ وﺗطورھﺎ ﻓﻰ ﻣراﺣل اﻟﻔن اﻟﺗﺷﻛﯾﻠﻲ اﻟﻠﯾﺑﻲ اﻟﻣﻌﺎﺻر

ﺗﺗﻣﺣور ﻣﺷﻛﻠﺔ اﻟدراﺳﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺣﺎوﻟﺔ ﻣﻌرﻓﺔ واﻗﻊ اﻟﺻورة اﻟﺷﺧﺻﯾﺔ اﻟﻧﺻﻔﯾﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺣرﻛﺔ اﻟﺗﺷﻛﯾﻠﯾﺔ اﻟﻠﯾﺑﯾﺔ اﻟﻣﻌﺎﺻرة ﻣﻧذ ﺑداﯾﺗﮭﺎ ﺧﻼل اﻟﻘرن اﻟﻣﺎﺿﻲ وﺣﺗﻰ وﻗﺗﻧﺎ وذﻟك ﻟﻺﺟﺎﺑﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﺳﺎؤﻻت اﻟرﺳﺎﻟﺔ واﻟﺗﺣﻘق ﻣن ﻓروﺿﮭﺎ ﻟﻐرض ﺗﺣﻘﯾق ،اﻟﺣﺎﺿر أھداﻓﮭﺎ ، اﻟﺗﻲ ﻣن أھﻣﮭﺎ : -ﺗوﺿﯾﺢ اﻟﻘﯾم اﻟﺟﻣﺎﻟﯾﺔ اﻟﺗﻲ ﺗﻘوم ﻋﻠﯾﮭﺎ اﻟﺻورة اﻟﺷﺧﺻﯾﺔ اﻟﻧﺻﻔﯾﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻓن 1 اﻟﺗﺻوﯾر ﺑﺻﻔﺔ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ ﺑﻣﺧﺗﻠف أﺳﺎﻟﯾﺑﮫ واﺗﺟﺎھﺎﺗﮫ . وأھم ﺳﻣﺎﺗﮭﺎ وﺧﺻﺎﺋﺻﮭﺎ ، -اﻟﺗﻌرف ﻋﻠﻰ واﻗﻊ ﻓن اﻟﺻورة اﻟﺷﺧﺻﯾﺔ اﻟﻧﺻﻔﯾﺔ 2 ﺿﻣن أطﺎر اﻟﺣرﻛﺔ اﻟﺗﺷﻛﯾﻠﯾﺔ اﻟﻠﯾﺑﯾﺔ اﻟﻣﻌﺎﺻرة . -اﻟﻛﺷف ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣدى ﻗدرة اﻟﻔﻧﺎن اﻟﺗﺷﻛﯾﻠﻲ اﻟﻠﯾﺑﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﻧﺎول ﻣوﺿوع اﻟﺻورة 3 واﻟﻣوﺿوﻋﻲ ﻷﻋﻣﺎل ، اﻟﺷﺧﺻﯾﺔ اﻟﻧﺻﻔﯾﺔ ﻣن ﺧﻼل اﻟدراﺳﺔ واﻟﺗﺣﻠﯾل اﻟﻌﻠﻣﻲ ، اﻟﻌدﯾد ﻣن اﻟﻔﻧﺎﻧﯾن اﻟﺗﺷﻛﯾﻠﯾﯾن اﻟﻠﯾﺑﯾﯾن اﻟذﯾن ﺗﻧﺎوﻟوا ھذا اﻟﻣوﺿوع ﻣﺣل اﻟدراﺳﺔ واﻟﻛﺷف ﻋن اﻟﻘﯾم اﻟﺟﻣﺎﻟﯾﺔ واﻹﺑداﻋﯾﺔ ﻓﯾﮫ . ﺣﯾث ، وﻗد ﺗﺿﻣﻧت اﻟدراﺳﺔ ﺳﺗﺔ ﻓﺻول، ﺗﺿﻣن اﻟﻔﺻل اﻷول ﻣﻧﮭﺟﯾﺔ اﻟدراﺳﺔ ﻛﻛل وﻓروﺿﮭﺎ وﺣدودھﺎ اﻟزﻣﺎﻧﯾﺔ ،وأھداﻓﮭﺎ ،وأھﻣﯾﺗﮭﺎ ، ﺗم ﻋرض ﻣﺷﻛﻠﺔ اﻟدراﺳﺔ ، واﻟدراﺳﺎت اﻟﺳﺎﺑﻘﺔ اﻟﻣرﺗﺑطﺔ ﺑﮭﺎ ، أﻣﺎ اﻟﻔﺻل اﻟﺛﺎﻧﻲ ،واﻟﻣﻛﺎﻧﯾﺔ وﺗﺣدﯾد ﻣﺻﻠﺣﺎﺗﮭﺎ وﺗوﺿﯾﺢ ﻣﻔﮭوﻣﮭﺎ اﻟﻔﻧﻲ اﻷﻛﺛر ﻋﻣﻘﺎ ً ،ﻓﺗﺿﻣن ﺗﻌرﯾف اﻟﺻورة اﻟﺷﺧﺻﯾﺔ اﻟﻧﺻﻔﯾﺔ ﻣن ﻣﺟرد ﺗﺣﻘﯾق اﻟﺷﺑﮫ وﻧﻘل اﻟﺷﺧﺻﯾﺔ ﻧﻘﻼً ﺣرﻓﯾﺎ ًﺳطﺣﯾﺎ ً، وﺗﺗطرق اﻟﺑﺎﺣث ﻓﻲ ھذا وﻛذﻟك اﻟﻌﻧﺎﺻر اﻟﻣﻛوﻧﺔ ،اﻟﻔﺻل إﻟﻰ أوﺿﺎع رﺳم اﻟﺻورة اﻟﺷﺧﺻﯾﺔ اﻟﻧﺻﻔﯾﺔ ﻣﻊ ذﻛر أﻧواﻋﮭﺎ ﻣن ﺣﯾث ﺗﻧﺎوﻟﮭﺎ ،واﻟﺻﯾﺎﻏﺔ اﻟﺗﺷﻛﯾﻠﯾﺔ ﻟﮫ ،ﻟﮭذا اﻟﻣوﺿوع ﻟﻠﺷﺧﺻﯾﺔ اﻟﻣرﺳوﻣﺔ ، وﺗﻧﺎوﻟت اﻟدراﺳﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻔﺻل اﻟﺛﺎﻟث ﻣن ﺧﻼل ﻣﻧﮭﺞ اﻟﺑﺣث اﻟﺗﺎرﯾﺧﻲ ﻣراﺣل ﺗطور رﺳم اﻟﺻورة اﻟﺷﺧﺻﯾﺔ اﻟﻧﺻﻔﯾﺔ ﺗﺎرﯾﺧﯾﺎ ً ، ﺣﯾث ﯾﺳﺗﻌرض اﻟﺑﺎﺣث ﺗﺎرﯾﺦ رﺳم اﻟﺑورﺗرﯾﮫ ﻣن ﺧﻼل أرﺑﻊ ﻓﺗرات ﺗﺎرﯾﺧﯾﺔ ﻣن ﺗﺎرﯾﺦ اﻟﻔن ، وﻓﯾﮫ اﺳﺗﻌرﺿت ، اﻟﺟزء اﻷول وھو اﻟﺻور اﻟﺷﺧﺻﯾﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺣﺿﺎرات اﻟﻘدﯾﻣﺔ اﻟدراﺳﺔ أھم رﺳوم اﻟﺻور اﻟﺷﺧﺻﯾﺔ اﻟﻧﺻﻔﯾﺔ اﻟﺗﻲ ظﮭرت ﻣن ﺧﻼل اﻟﺣﺿﺎرة وھﯾرﻛﺎﻻﻧوم ،ﻣﺗﻣﺛﻠﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺻور اﻟﺷﺧﺻﯾﺔ اﻟﻣﻛﺗﺷﻔﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻣدﯾﻧﺔ ﺑوﻣﺑﺎي ،اﻟروﻣﺎﻧﯾﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻘرن اﻟﺳﺎدس ﻋﺷر ﺣﯾث ﯾﻣﻛن اﻋﺗﺑﺎرھﺎ ﺑداﯾﺔ ﻟرﺳم اﻟﺻور اﻟﺷﺧﺻﯾﺔ وﻣن ،واﻟﻔرﯾﺳﻛو ، ﺑﻣﻔﮭوﻣﮭﺎ اﻟﻣﺗﻌﺎرف ﻋﻠﯾﮫ ، اﻟﺗﻲ ﻛﺎﻧت اﻏﻠﺑﮭﺎ ﻣﻧﻔذة ﺑﺎﻟﻔﺳﯾﻔﺳﺎء ﺛم ﺗﻧﺎوﻟت اﻟدراﺳﺔ ﻓﻲ ھذا اﻟﻔﺻل اﻟﺻور اﻟﺷﺧﺻﯾﺔ ﻟﻣوﻣﯾﺎءات اﻟﻔﯾوم ،اﻟﺗﻲ اﻛﺗﺷﻔت م ،اﻟﺗﻲ ﺗﻌود ﻟﻠﻘرون اﻷوﻟﻰ ﻟﻠﻣﯾﻼد ﻓﻲ ﻣدﯾﻧﺔ اﻟﻔﯾوم ﺧﻼل ﻓﺗرة اﻟوﺟود 1888ﺳﻧﺔ وﻣﺎ ﻣﺛﻠﺗﮫ ﺗﻠك اﻟرﺳوم ﻣن أھﻣﯾﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺗﺎرﯾﺦ رﺳم اﻟﺑورﺗرﯾﮫ ﻣن ،اﻟروﻣﺎﻧﻲ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺻر واﻟﺗﻘﻧﯾﺔ ﺑﺷﻛل ﻏﯾر ﻣﺳﺑوق ﻓﻲ اﻟﻔﻧون اﻟﺳﺎﺑﻘﺔ ،وﻣن ﺛم ﺗطرﻗت ،ﻧﺎﺣﯾﺔ اﻟﻣﻌﺎﻟﺟﺔ ،وﻣﻧﮭﺎ اﻟﻔن اﻟﻣﺳﯾﺣﻲ ،اﻟدراﺳﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺟزء اﻟﺛﺎﻧﻲ إﻟﻰ ﻓﻧون اﻟﻌﺻور اﻟوﺳطﻰ واﻟﻘدﺳﯾﺔ اﻟدﯾﻧﯾﺔ ، ﻣﺗﻣﺛﻼ ﻓﻲ اﻹﯾﻘوﻧﺎت واﻟرﺳوم اﻟدﯾﻧﯾﺔ ، اﻟﺗﻲ ﻛﺎﻧت ﺗﺗﻣﯾز ﺑﺎﻟرﻣزﯾﺔ وﺗطرﻗت اﻟدراﺳﺔ ﻟﻠﻔن اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ ، اﻟذي أوﺿﺣت ﻓﯾﮫ اﻧﮫ وﺑﺎﻟرﻏم ﻣن أﺗﺟﺎه اﻟﻔن اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﻟﻠﻌﻧﺎﺻر اﻟﺗﺟرﯾدﯾﺔ ، اﻟﺗﻲ ﯾﻘوم ﻋﻠﯾﮭﺎ ﻣﺗﻣﺛﻼ ﻓﻲ اﻟزﺧرﻓﺔ اﻟﮭﻧدﺳﯾﺔ واﻟﻧﺑﺎﺗﯾﺔ واﻟﺧطﯾﺔ ﻓﺈن أن ھﻧﺎك اﻟﻌدﯾد ﻣن اﻷﻣﺛﻠﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺗﺎرﯾﺦ اﻟﻔن اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﻟﺗﻧﺎول اﻟﺻورة اﻟﺷﺧﺻﯾﺔ ، اﻟﺗﻲ ظﮭرت ﻣن ﺧﻼل اﻟﺻور اﻟﻣﻧﻘوﺷﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻧﻘود ﻓﻲ وﻛذﻟك ﻣن ﺧﻼل اﻟﺻور اﻟﺷﺧﺻﯾﺔ اﻟﺗﻲ ، اﻟﺳﻧوات اﻷوﻟﻰ ﻟﻠﻌﺻر اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ اﺳﺗﺧدﻣت ﻓﻲ اﻟﻌدﯾد ﻣن اﻟﻛﺗب اﻷدﺑﯾﺔ واﻟﺗﺎرﯾﺧﯾﺔ ﻛرﺳوم ﺗوﺿﯾﺣﯾﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺧﺗﻠف اﻟﻣﻧﺎطق اﻹﺳﻼﻣﯾﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻓﺗرات ﻣﺧﺗﻠﻔﺔ ، واﻟﺟزء اﻟﺛﺎﻟث ﻣن اﻟﻔﺻل اﻟﺛﺎﻟث ﺗﻧﺎوﻟت ﻓﯾﮫ اﻟدراﺳﺔ اﻟﺻورة اﻟﺷﺧﺻﯾﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻋﺻر اﻟﻧﮭﺿﺔ واﻟذي ﯾﻌﺗﺑر ﻣن اﻟﻔﺗرات اﻟﻣﮭﻣﺔ واﻟﺗﺎرﯾﺧﯾﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺗﺎرﯾﺦ اﻟﻔن ﺑﺷﻛل ﻋﺎم واﻟﺻورة اﻟﺷﺧﺻﯾﺔ ﺑﺷﻛل ﺧﺎص وأﻟﻘت اﻟدراﺳﺔ اﻟﺿوء ﻓﻲ ھذا اﻟﺟزء ﻋﻠﻰ أھم اﻟﻔﻧﺎﻧﯾن اﻟذﯾن ﺗﻧﺎوﻟوا اﻟﺻورة اﻟﺷﺧﺻﯾﺔ ،ﻣﺳﺗﻌرﺿﮫ ﻷھم أﻋﻣﺎﻟﮭم وﻣﻧﮭم اﻟﻔﻧﺎن ﻓﺎن أﯾك ،ﻓﻲ ھذه اﻟﺣﻘﺑﺔ اﻟﺗﺎرﯾﺧﯾﺔ ﺛم ﺗﻧﺗﻘل اﻟدراﺳﺔ ،وﻏﯾرھم ،وﺟﯾورﺟﯾوﻧﻰ ،وﻟﯾوﻧﺎردو داﻓﻧﺷﻰ ووأﻟﺑرﺧت دورر ﻣﺗﺗﺑﻌﺎ ﻓﯾﮭﺎ اﻟﺑﺎﺣث ﺗﺗطور رﺳم اﻟﺻورة ، ﻟﻠﻣراﺣل اﻟﻼﺣﻘﺔ ﻣن ﺗﺎرﯾﺦ اﻟﻔن وﻣﺎ ظﮭر ﻓﯾﮭﺎ ﻣن اﺧﺗﻼف ﻓﻲ ،اﻟﺷﺧﺻﯾﺔ اﻟﻧﺻﻔﯾﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻣدارس اﻟﻔﻧﯾﺔ اﻟﻣﺧﺗﻠﻔﺔ اﻷﺳﻠوب واﻟﻣﻌﺎﻟﺟﺔ وﺗوﺿﯾﺢ أھم ﺳﻣﺎت ﻛل ﻣدرﺳﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺗﻧﺎوﻟﮭﺎ ﻟﻠﻣوﺿوع ﻣﺣل اﻟدراﺳﺔ واﻟﺗرﻛﯾز ﻋﻠﻰ أھم اﻟﻔﻧﺎﻧﯾن اﻟذﯾن ﺗﻣﯾزوا ﺑرﺳم اﻟﺻورة اﻟﺷﺧﺻﯾﺔ اﻟﻧﺻﻔﯾﺔ واﻟﻛﻼﺳﯾﻛﯾﺔ اﻟﺟدﯾدة ،واﻟرﻛوﻛو ، ﺑداﯾﺔ ﻣن ﻓﺗرة اﻟﺑﺎروك، وأھم أﻋﻣﺎﻟﮭم ﺑﺎﻟﺧﺻوص وﺻوﻻً إﻟﻰ ﻓﺗرة ظﮭور اﻟﻔن اﻟﺣدﯾث ﻣﺗﻣﺛﻼ ﺑداﯾﺔ ﻓﻲ واﻟواﻗﻌﯾﺔ،و اﻟروﻣﺎﻧﺗﯾﻛﯾﺔ اﻻﻧطﺑﺎﻋﯾﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻧﮭﺎﯾﺔ اﻟﻘرن اﻟﺗﺎﺳﻊ ﻋﺷر ﻛﻧﻘطﺔ ﺗﺣول ﻣﮭﻣﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻻﻧﺗﻘﺎل ﻣن اﻟﻔن وﻣن ﺛم ﺗﻧﺗﻘل اﻟدراﺳﺔ ﻟﻣدارس اﻟﻔن اﻟﺣدﯾث اﻷﺧرى ، اﻟﻛﻼﺳﯾﻛﻲ ﻟﻠﻔن اﻟﺣدﯾث واﻟﺗﻌﺑﯾرﯾﺔ ، وﯾﺗﻧﺎول اﻟﻔﺻل اﻟراﺑﻊ اﻟﺻورة ، واﻟﻣﺳﺗﻘﺑﻠﯾﺔ ، واﻟﺗﻛﻌﯾﺑﯾﺔ ،اﻟوﺣﺷﯾﺔ اﻟﺷﺧﺻﯾﺔ اﻟﻧﺻﻔﯾﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻔن اﻟﺗﺷﻛﯾﻠﻲ اﻟﻠﯾﺑﻲ اﻟﻣﻌﺎﺻر ،اﻟذي ﻣن ﺧﻼﻟﮫ اﺳﺗﻌرﺿت واﻟﺛﻘﺎﻓﯾﺔ ﺧﻼل ﻓﺗرة اﻟﺣﻛم اﻟﻌﺛﻣﺎﻧﻲ ، اﻟدراﺳﺔ ﺑداﯾﺔ ﺑﺷﻛل ﻣوﺟز اﻟﺣﯾﺎة اﻟﻔﻛرﯾﺔ واﻻﺳﺗﻌﻣﺎر اﻻﯾطﺎﻟﻲ ﻟﻠﯾﺑﯾﺎ ، اﻟذي ﺧﻠﺻت ﻓﯾﮫ اﻟدراﺳﺔ إﻟﻰ إن ﺧﻼل ﻓﺗرة اﻟﺣﻛم اﻟﻌﺛﻣﺎﻧﻲ واﻻﺳﺗﻌﻣﺎر اﻻﯾطﺎﻟﻲ ﻟﻠﯾﺑﯾﺎ ﻟم ﺗﻠ َق اﻟﺣﯾﺎة اﻟﺛﻘﺎﻓﯾﺔ واﻟﻌﻠﻣﯾﺔ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ واﻟﻔن اﻟﺗﺷﻛﯾﻠﻲ ﺑﺷﻛل ﺧﺎص اﻻھﺗﻣﺎم واﻟرﻋﺎﯾﺔ ﻣﻣﺎ ﻛﺎن ﻟﮫ أﺛره اﻟواﺿﺢ ﻓﻲ ﺗﺄﺧر ظﮭور ﺣﯾث اﺗﺳﻣت ﺗﻠك اﻟﻔﺗرة ﻣن ﺣﯾﺎة اﻟﺷﻌب ،اﻟﺣرﻛﺔ اﻟﺗﺷﻛﯾﻠﯾﺔ اﻟﻠﯾﺑﯾﺔ ﺑﺷﻛﻠﮭﺎ اﻟﺣﻘﯾﻘﻲ واﻟﺣرﻣﺎن ، وﻛﺎن ﺟل اھﺗﻣﺎم اﻹﻧﺳﺎن واﻧﺷﻐﺎﻟﮫ ﺑﺗوﻓﯾر اﻟﺣﯾﺎة اﻵﻣﻧﺔ ،اﻟﻠﯾﺑﻲ ﺑﺎﻟﻌوز ﻣن ﺛم ﺗﺳﺗﻌرض اﻟدراﺳﺔ ﺑﺷﻛل ﻋﺎم ، اﻟﻣﺳﺗﻘرة ﺑﻌﯾد اً ﻋن ھﯾﻣﻧﺔ اﻟﻘوى اﻷﺟﻧﺑﯾﺔ ﺳﻣﺎت واﺗﺟﺎھﺎت اﻟﺣرﻛﺔ اﻟﺗﺷﻛﯾﻠﯾﺔ اﻟﻠﯾﺑﯾﺔ اﻟﻣﻌﺎﺻرة ﻓﻲ ﻣراﺣﻠﮭﺎ اﻟﻣﺧﺗﻠﻔﺔ ﻣﻧذ ﺑداﯾﺗﮭﺎ ﻣﺑﯾﻧﺔ أھم ﻣراﺣﻠﮭﺎ وﺗطورھﺎ ،ﺛم ﺗﻠﻘﻰ اﻟدراﺳﺔ اﻟﺿوء ﺑﺷﻛل ﻣن ،وﺣﺗﻰ ﯾوﻣﻧﺎ ھذا اﻟﺗﻔﺻﯾل ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣراﺣل ﺗﺗطور رﺳم اﻟﺻورة اﻟﺷﺧﺻﯾﺔ اﻟﻧﺻﻔﯾﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺣرﻛﺔ اﻟﺗﺷﻛﯾل اﻟﻠﯾﺑﻲ واﺳﺗﻌراض ﻷھم اﻟﻔﻧﺎﻧﯾن اﻟذﯾن ﺗﻧﺎوﻟوا اﻟﻣوﺿوع ﻣﺣل اﻟدراﺳﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻔﺗرات وﺗﻣﯾزوا ﻓﯾﮫ ، وﻗﺎﻣت ، اﻟزﻣﻧﯾﺔ اﻟﻣﺧﺗﻠﻔﺔ ﻟﮭذه اﻟﺣرﻛﺔ ، اﻟذﯾن أوﻟوھﺎ أھﻣﯾﺔ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ اﻟدراﺳﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻔﺻل اﻟﺧﺎﻣس وﻣن ﺧﻼل اﻟﻣﻧﮭﺞ اﻟﺗﺣﻠﯾﻠﻲ ، اﻟذي ﯾﻘوم ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺗﺣﻠﯾل ﺗﺗﻧﺎول اﻟدراﺳﺔ ﻋرض وﺗﺣﻠﯾل ﻣﺧﺗﺎرات ﻣن اﻷﻋﻣﺎل ، اﻟﻌﻠﻣﻲ واﻟﻣوﺿوﻋﻲاﻟﺗﺻوﯾرﯾﺔ ﻟﻣوﺿوع اﻟﺻورة اﻟﺷﺧﺻﯾﺔ ﻟﻌدد ﻣن اﻟﻔﻧﺎﻧﯾن ﻓﻰ ﻓﺗرات ﻣﺧﺗﻠﻔﺔ ﻣن اﻟﺣرﻛﺔ اﻟﺗﺷﻛﯾﻠﯾﺔ اﻟﻠﯾﺑﯾﺔ ، وھم ﻋوض ﻋﺑﯾدة ،وﻋﻠﻲ ﻗﺎﻧﺎ ، ورﻣﺿﺎن اﻟﺑﻛﺷﯾﺷﻲ، اﻟذﯾن ﻛﺎن ﻟﮭم إﻧﺗﺎﺟﮭم اﻟﻔﻧﻲ اﻟﻣﺗﻣﯾز ﻟﮭذا ، وﻣﺣﻣود اﻟﺣﺎﺳﻲ ، وﻋﺑد اﻟرزاق اﻟرﯾﺎﻧﻲ اﻟﻣوﺿوع ﻣﺣل اﻟدراﺳﺔ وﻣن ﺧﻼل اﻟﻔﺻل اﻟﺳﺎدس ﯾﺗم ﻋرض اﻟﻧﺗﺎﺋﺞ واﻟﺗوﺻﯾﺎت وﻛﺎﻧت ﻧﺗﺎﺋﺞ اﻟدراﺳﺔ ﻛﺎﻵﺗﻲ : -ﺗم ﺗﺣدﯾد ﻣﻔﮭوم واﺿﺢ ﯾﻌﺗﻣد ﻋﻠﻰ أﺳس ﻓﻧﯾﺔ ﺻﺣﯾﺣﺔ ﻟﻠﺻورة اﻟﺷﺧﺻﯾﺔ 1 اﻟﻧﺻﻔﯾﺔ ، ﻣن ﺣﯾث ھﻲ ﻟﯾﺳت ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺗﺳﺟﯾﻠﯾﺔ ﺳطﺣﯾﺔ ﻣﻊ اﻟﺷﺧﺻﯾﺔ اﻟﻣرﺳوﻣﺔ ﻟﻣﺟرد ﻧﻘل اﻟﺷﺑﮫ وإﻧﻣﺎ ھﻲ اﺑﻌد ﻣن ذﻟك وأﻛﺛر ﻋﻣﻘﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﻘراءة اﻟﻌﻣﯾﻘﺔ ﻟﻠﺷﺧﺻﯾﺔ واﻟﻛﺷف ﻋن أﺑﻌﺎدھﺎ اﻟﻧﻔﺳﯾﺔ ، اﻟﺗﻲ ﯾظﮭر ﻓﯾﮭﺎ اﻟﻔﻧﺎن اﻧﻔﻌﺎﻻﺗﮫ اﻟداﻟﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ھذه اﻟﺷﺧﺻﯾﺔ ﻓﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ إﻟﻰ ﺗﻣﯾز اﻟﺷﺧﺻﯾﺔ وﺗﻔردھﺎ ﯾﺳﻌﻰ اﻟﻔﻧﺎن ﻣن ﺧﻼل اﻟﻣوﺿوع إﻟﻰ ﻋﻣل ﻓﻧﻲ ﯾﺗﻣﺗﻊ ﺑﺷروط ﻓﻧﯾﺔ وﻗﯾم ﺟﻣﺎﻟﯾﺔ . -ﺗم ﺗﺣﻘﯾق ﺻﺣﺔ ﻓرﺿﯾﺔ اﻟدراﺳﺔ ، اﻟﺗﻲ ﻣﻔﺎدھﺎ إن رﺳم اﻟﺻورة اﻟﺷﺧﺻﯾﺔ ﻟم 2 ﯾﻠق اﻻھﺗﻣﺎم ﺑﺎﻟﻘدر اﻟﻛﺎﻓﻲ ﻣن اﻟﻔﻧﺎﻧﯾن اﻟﺗﺷﻛﯾﻠﯾن اﻟﻠﯾﺑﯾﯾن ﺑﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻣراﺣل اﻷوﻟﻰ ﻟﻠﺣرﻛﺔ اﻟﺗﺷﻛﯾﻠﯾﺔ اﻟﻠﯾﺑﯾﺔ اﻟﻣﻌﺎﺻرة ، اﻟﺗﻲ ﯾرﺟﻊ أﺳﺑﺎﺑﮭﺎ ﺣﺳب ﻣﺎ أظﮭرﺗﮫ اﻟدراﺳﺔ واﻟظروف اﻟﻣﺣﯾطﺔ ﺑﮭﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺑداﯾﺎﺗﮭﺎ ،وﺧﻼل اﺳﺗﻌراﺿﮭﺎ ﻟﻠﺣرﻛﺔ اﻟﺗﺷﻛﯾﻠﯾﺔ اﻟﻠﯾﺑﯾﺔ وﻣﻌﺎھد ، إﻟﻰ ﻏﯾﺎب دور اﻟﻣؤﺳﺳﺎت اﻟﺗﻌﻠﯾﻣﯾﺔ اﻟﻣﺗﺧﺻﺻﺔ ﻣن ﻛﻠﯾﺎت ﻓﻧون ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ إﻟﻰ ﻏﯾﺎب اﻟﻣراﺳم اﻟﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺗﻌﻠﯾم اﻟرﺳم وﻓق ﻣﻧﺎھﺞ أﻛﺎدﯾﻣﯾﺔ ﺻﺣﯾﺣﺔ وﻛذﻟك ﻗﻠﺔ اﻟﻧوادي واﻟﺟﻣﻌﯾﺎت اﻟﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻔن اﻟﺗﺷﻛﯾﻠﻲ ﺧﻼل ﺗﻠك اﻟﻔﺗرة ﻣن اﻟﻧﺻف اﻷول ﻣن اﻟﻘرن اﻟﻌﺷرﯾن واﻟﺗﻲ ﻛﺎن ﻟﮭﺎ أﺛرھﺎ اﻟﺳﻠﺑﻲ ﻟﻠﺣرﻛﺔ اﻟﺗﺷﻛﯾﻠﯾﺔ ﺑﺻﻔﺔ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ وﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﻧﺎول ﻣوﺿوع اﻟﺻورة اﻟﺷﺧﺻﯾﺔ ﺑﺻﻔﺔ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ،اﻟذﯾن أُﺗﯾﺣت ﻟﻠﺑﻌض ، -أظﮭرت اﻟدراﺳﺔ إن اﻟﻔﻧﺎﻧﯾن اﻟﺗﺷﻛﯾﻠﯾﯾن ﻣن اﻟﺟﯾل اﻟﺛﺎﻧﻲ 3 ﻣﻧﮭم ﻓرﺻﺔ اﻟدراﺳﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺧﺎرج ، اﻟذﯾن اﺗﺟﮭوا ﻓﻲ أﻋﻣﺎﻟﮭم إﻟﻰ ﺻﯾﻎ وﻣﻌﺎﻟﺟﺎت ﺗﻌﺗﻣد ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺣداﺛﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻣﻌﺎﻟﺟﺔ واﻟﻣوﺿوع ، واﻟذﯾن وﻣن ﺧﻼل ﻣﺣﺎوﻻﺗﮭم ﻓﻲ اﻟﺗﺟدﯾد ﻓﻲ ، اﻷﺳﺎﻟﯾب واﻟﺗﻘﻧﯾﺔ اﻟﻣﺳﺗﺧدﻣﺔ ﻟم ﯾﺗﻧﺎوﻟوا ﻣوﺿوع اﻟﺻورة اﻟﺷﺧﺻﯾﺔ ﺑﻣﻔﮭوﻣﮭﺎ اﻟذي أوﺿﺢ ﺗﻧﺎول اﻟﻌدﯾد ، اﻟذي ﺑﯾﻧﺗﮫ اﻟدراﺳﺔ ﻓﻲ اﺳﺗﻌراﺿﮭﺎ ﻟﺗﺎرﯾﺦ اﻟﻔن اﻟﻌﺎﻟﻣﻲ ﻣن اﻟﻔﻧﺎﻧﯾن اﻟﻌﺎﻟﻣﯾﯾن ﻣوﺿوع اﻟﺻورة اﻟﺷﺧﺻﯾﺔ ﺑﺻﯾﻎ وﻣﻌﺎﻟﺟﺎت ﺣدﯾﺛﺔ ﻛﺎﻟﺗﻲ .وﻏﯾرھم ، وﻣودرﯾﺎﻧﻲ ، وﻛﺎﻛوﺷﻛﺎ ،ﻧﺟدھﺎ ﻋﻧد ﺑﯾﻛﺎﺳو وأﺛرھﺎ اﻻﯾﺟﺎﺑﻲ ﻓﻲ ، -ﺑﯾﻧت اﻟدراﺳﺔ دور اﻷﻛﺎدﯾﻣﯾﺎت واﻟﻣؤﺳﺳﺎت اﻟﺗﻌﻠﯾﻣﯾﺔ 4 وﻣن ﺿﻣﻧﮭﺎ ﻣوﺿوع ، اﻟﺗﻧوع ﻓﻲ ﺗﻧﺎول اﻟﻣوﺿوﻋﺎت اﻟﻣﺧﺗﻠﻔﺔ ﻣن ﻗﺑل اﻟﺧرﯾﺟﯾن اﻟﺻورة اﻟﺷﺧﺻﯾﺔ ﺣﯾث أﺻﺑﺢ اﻟﻔﻧﺎﻧون اﻟﺷﺑﺎب أﻛﺛر ﺗﻧﺎو ﻻً ﻟﮭذا اﻟﻣوﺿوع ﺑﺻﯾﻎ أﻛﺎدﯾﻣﯾﺔ ﺻﺣﯾﺣﺔ ﻧﺗﯾﺟﺔ ﻟﻠﻣﮭﺎرات اﻟﺗﻲ اﻛﺗﺳﺑوھﺎ ﺧﻼل دراﺳﺗﮭم . وﺿﺣت اﻟدراﺳﺔ اﻧﮫ ﻻ ﺗوﺟد ﺗواﺻل وﺗﺄﺛر ﺑﺎﻟﺗﺟﺎرب اﻟﺳﺎﺑﻘﺔ ﺑﯾن اﻷﺟﯾﺎل 5 واﻷﺳﺎﻟﯾب اﻟﺗﻲ ﺗﻧﺎوﻟت ﻣوﺿوع اﻟﺻورة اﻟﺷﺧﺻﯾﺔ ، اﻟﻣﺧﺗﻠﻔﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺻﯾﻎ اﻟﻣﻌﺎﻟﺟﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺷﻛل اﻟﻣطﻠوب.وﺳﺑل اﻟﺗﻐﻠب ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺳﻠﺑﯾﺎت ، -اﻟﺧروج ﺑﺑﻌض اﻟﺗوﺻﯾﺎت ﻟﺗﻌزﯾز اﻻﯾﺟﺎﺑﯾﺎت. Abstract The portrait situation and its development phases in contemporary Libyan plastic arts movement. The problem of the study pivoted on trying to figure out the reality of the portrait in contemporary Libyan plastic arts movement since its inception during the last century up to the present, to answer the study requisitions and check assumptive purpose for achieving its objectives which include: 1-Clarifying aesthetic valuesthat portrait depends on them inpainting artsgenerally with its various methods and trends. 2 - Recognize the reality of portrait art, and the most important traits and characteristics within the framework of contemporary Libyan plasticartsmovement. 3 - Detect the ability of Libyan artists who dealt with the subject of portrait art through studying and scientific and objective analyzing,for artworks of many of Libyanplasticartists who studiedthissubject, and disclosureitsaesthetic and creative values. The study included six chapters, the first chapter included a whole study methodology, then displayed the problem of the study, and its importance, objectives, assumptions , the temporal and spatial limits, determiningits interests and associated previous studies. Chapter II, included the definition of portrait art, clarifying the artistic concept of it which is most deeper than just achieving the similarities and imitate character literally and superficial, and in this chapter the researcher reached to the positions of painting portrait, as well as the components of this subject, and its drafting, with mention for the typesofthe painted character. In the thirdchapter the study took up the development stages of painting portrait historically through historical research course, where the researcher displayed the history of painting through four historical periods of art history: The first part was about the portrait in ancient civilizations, and the studydisplayedthe most important paints emerged through Romanian civilization, represented by those discovered in Bombay city, and Herkalnom in the sixteenth century which can be considered the beginning of portrait painting with its customary concept, which were mostly executed by mosaics and fresco. Then the study handled in this chapter the portraits of Fayoum mummies which discovered in 1888, and returned to initial centuries A.D. in Fayoum during Roman presence in Egypt, and its importance represented in history of the portrait unprecedented treatment and technique in prior arts. In the second part the study discussed the arts at Middle Ages, including Christian art, represented by icons and religious paintings which werecharacterized by symbolism, and sacred religious. Then the study broached to the Islamic art, which showed that although the underlying direction of Islamic art was to abstract elements, represented by the geometric decoration , plant and linear, there were many examples in Islamic history art dealing with portrait, which emerged through the image engraved on coins in the early years of Islam era, as well as through portraits that had been used in manyliterary and historical books as illustrative paints in various Muslim regions at different periods. The third part was about the portrait at the Renaissance, which considered as one of the important and historical periods in the art history generally and portrait particularly and the study illuminated in this part on the most important artists who dealt with portrait in this historical period, displaying their most important works, as van Eyck, Albrecht Dorer , Leonardo Da Vinci, Giorgione, and others. Then the study moved to the subsequent phases of art history, andthe researcher tracing the portrait development in different technical schools, and what differences appeared in style and treatment and clarified the most important features of each school in their approach to the considerationsubject, and focused on the most important artists who had distinguished themselves inportraitpainting, and their most important works in particular beginning of Baroque period, Rococo, new-classical, romantic, and realism, leading to the emergence of modern art, represented in the beginning of Impressionism at the end of the nineteenth century as a turning important point in transition from classical art to modern art. Then the study moved to the other modern art schools, as Brutalism, Cubism, Futurism, Expressionism. Chapter IV dealt with the portrait painting in the Libyan contemporary plastic art, which through it the study briefly displayed initially the intellectual and cultural life during the period of Ottoman rule and Italian colonialism of Libya, which concluded that during that period the cultural and scientific life generally and the plastic art particularly, had not received any attention or care, which had its clear impact on the real movement delay of the Libyan Plastic art, where that period of life marked Libyan people by destitution and deprivation, and the most important work and concern was providing a safe and stable life away from the domination of foreign powers. Then the study generally displayed the attributes and trends of Libyan contemporaryPlasticarts in its various phases since its inception to the present day, indicating to the most important stages and evolution, and then highlights in details the stages of painting portrait development movement in Libyan plastic arts and displayed the most important artists who took the matter under study in different periods for this movement, and placed on it aparticular importance, and they haddistinguished in it. in Chapter V, through analytical method, which is based on scientific and objective analysis, the study addressed view and analyze to a selection of portrait artworks for many Libyan artists, as Awad Obeida, Ali Ghana, Ramadan Bakshishy, Mahmoud Hassi, and Abdul Razzaq Riani, who had a distinguish artistic production about this subject. through Chapter VI the results and recommendations were displayed and these results as follows: 1–Aclear concept were identified relied on correct technical bases for portrait , since it is not a recorded superficial relation with thepainted personalityandsimply copy similarities but further more in-depth with deep personality reading and disclosure of its psychological dimensions, which show the artist the emotions of this personality, in addition to personal excellence and uniqueness ,the artist seeks through the subject to make an artwork with technical conditions and aesthetic values. 2 - The hypothesis of the study was achieved, explaining that the portrait painting had not received enough attention from Libyans artists especially in the initial stages of the contemporary Libyan plastic art movement returning causes as shown by the study and during its displaying for the Libyan plastic art movement, and the initial surrounding circumstances, to the absence of the role of educational specialized institutions as arts schools, and institutes, in addition to the absence of ceremonies for teaching painting according to correct academiccourse, as well as the lack of clubs and societies forplasticart during the period from the first half of twentieth century, which had a negative impact of the plastic art movement in general and on portrait painting subject in particular. 3-The study showed that artists of the second generation whomsome of them had the opportunity to study abroad, and turned in their work to formulas and treatments relied on modernity in treatment and subject, and through their attempts at innovation in used methods and techniques did not take portrait subject with its concept, which shown by the study in its review of world art history, which explained that many international artists dealt with portrait subject with modern formats and treatments such as those found at Picasso and Modriani, Cacochka and others. 4 - The study showed the role of academies and educational institutions, and their positive impact on diversity of handling various topics by graduates, including the subject of the portrait where young artists became more addressed to this topic in correct academic formats as a result of the skills they had acquired during their studies. 5 - The study clarified that there is no communication and influenced by past experience between the different generations in the modes of treatment, and methods that addressed the subject of the portrait as required. 6 - coming out with some recommendations to enhance the positives
ﺟﻣﺎل أﺣﻣد ﻣﺻطﻔﻰ (2012)
Publisher's website

معالجة الصحف العربية الدولية للعلاقات الليبية- الايطالية دراسة تحليلية لصحيفة العرب الدولية

The issue of bilateral relations between countries is of great importance, speciallythe relations betweenLibya and Italy, which both have a long history. Based on thisand due to the importance of the media in general and press in particular, in highlighting those relationships for local and international blic opinion, this study aims at the following goals:To know the type and more related areas of the Libyan-Italian relations treated by the International Al-Arab Newspaper during the period under study. To know how much care the International Al-Arab Newspaper pays towards the Libyan-Italian relations through highlighting the elements used. Surveyingthe journalistic arts the International Al-Arab Newspaper has manipulated to present the Libyan-Italian relations, and more important to identify the most prominent of these arts during the time period under study. To identify the most important methods of persuasion employed by the International Al-ArabNewspaperin reating the published materialsthatfocus on the relations between the two countries. To identify the sources on which the newspaper depended when covering the events relating to the subject of the study. The researcher has relied on approaches, namely (the historical approach) in covering the theoretical aspect of the study, and the survey approach in which the sample was used, survey analytical and the content-analysis approach in analyzing the sample of the issuesof the Al-Arab International, which were selected from the study population.The tools used by the researcher were the sources and references or the so-called (the Office Approach)as well as personal interviews with a number of eminent scientists and professionalsin order to cover the aspects that have to be clarified in the theoretical framework of the study.He also usedthe form of content analysis which was designed to collect and compile data on the subject of studyduring the period from 01.07.1998to31.07.2009.The researcherused the industrial cycle (bimonthly) forselecting the sample, whereonly two issues a month were selected; i.e. 264 in number.Finally, the study found a number of results, the most important of:The political relationship between the two countries was the topic of the study (Libya and Italy) was in first place at a percentage of 42.1%. Al-Arab International did not give the topic of the Libyan-Italia relations the amount of attention deserved as an international relationship in terms of highlighting componentssuch as area, photos, graphics, frames, or headings - and locationsdevoted for material of the newspaper that analyzes the topic.All these components were very weak.The journal newswas an art that got the first rank among the journalistic arts used by the paper in the coverage of the Libyan-Italian relations.Thelogical objective logical style supported by the arguments and evidence came in the first place of the methods of persuasion used by the international Al-Arab Newspaper in dealing with the topic of the study by at 51.2%.The reporter wasthe sources relied upon by the international Arab newspaper for gettingthe pieces of news and topics related the Libyan-Italianrelations.
علي سالم صالح عاشور (2010)
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معوقات الدراسات العليا لدى طلبة كلية الفنون والإعلام بجامعة طرابلس

يواجه طلبة الدراسات العليا في الجامعات الليبية العديد من المشاكل والصعوبات التي تعوق دون اكمال مسيرتهم العلمية في الوقت المطلوب، ويعد دراسة هذه المشاكل والوقوف عليها وتقييمها من أهم الركائز لتطوير اي برنامج دراسات عليا مستقبلاً، ومن هنا قام الباحث بدراسة العوائق التي تحول دون اكمال الطالب لدراسته العليا في الوقت المحدد وذلك حسب ما تشير اليه المادة 126 من اللائحة 501 لسنة 2010 والتي تحدد مدة دراسة الماجستير بثلاثة سنوات، مع امكانية اضافة ستة أشهر كحالة استثنائية، حيث لاحظنا استغراق الطالب لوقت طويل جداً لإكمال دراسته العليا، وذلك من خلال تواجد الباحث بصفة عضو هيئة تدريس بقسم الإعلام. ومن هنا تلخصت مشكلة البحث في السؤال: " ماهي الأسباب التي تجعل من طالب الدراسات العليا يستغرق أربع سنوات او اكثر للحصول على درجة الماجستير؟"، وقد أستخدم الباحث المنهج الوصفي كمنهجية للبحث، وأستخدم والاستبيان والمقابلة للحصول على نتائج واقعية من خلال العينة التي تم دراستها، وهي دفعة خريف 2015 لطلبة الدراسات العليا بقسم الإعلام بجامعة طرابلس. وتركزت أهداف البحث في معرفة الاسباب التي تجعل من الطالب يأخذ وقت طويل لمناقشة رسالة الماجستير والتأكد من المرحلة التي وصل اليها الطالب في دراسته العليا، وكذلك مدى اتساق أسباب التأخر بين الطالب والأستاذ، ومن خلال نتائج الاستبيان والمقابلة توصل الباحث لأهم النتائج وهي أن الطلبة والأستاذ اتفقوا على أن الظروف الخارجة عن المألوف كالحروب وماصاحبها من تهجير وعواقب نفسية واجتماعية وأخيراً جائحة كورونا كانت من أهم الاسباب التي جعلت اكمال الماجستير يستغرق وقت طويل، ,توصل الباحث أيضاً بأن اعتماد العنوان والخطة لم يستغرق وقتاُ طويلاً ولكن المشكلة في مرحلة مابعد الخطة، وأيضاً غياب أساتذة متخصصين في العلاقات العامة حال دون وجود تناسق وانسجام مع طالب العلاقات مما ساهم في اطالة أمد الدراسة، ومن أهم الاسباب التي ركز عليها أساتذة الدراسات العليا هي عدم اتقان الطالب لمناهج البحث العلمي.
نجيب فرج رحومة(3-2021)
Publisher's website

قناة كلية الفنون والإعلام

بعض الفيديوات التي تعرض مناشط كلية الفنون والإعلام

اطلع علي المزيد